These can be bought in chemists off-the-shelf and come in small medium and large. These do not control foot movement. They try to aid foot posture by blocking arch movement. This can cause as much trouble as the original problem. They work for some problems but usually are not appropriate for biomechanical conditions. Feb 01, 2011 By Jae Allen Photo Caption Different models of running shoe are designed to compensate for supination or overpronation. Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images To the best of our knowledge, this picture from the first century AD is among the oldest representations of a flat foot in history. In addition to wearing the right shoes for flat feet, you may be able to alleviate your pain by stretching, if you have a shortened Achilles tendon. Your doctor can recommend exercises to stretch your Achilles tendon. If you are overweight, losing weight may help your pain. If your pain becomes too severe, you may have stay off your feet and take over-the-counter pain relievers. Another problem with Pes Planus is the poor fitting of shoes. Standard insoles in shoes will irritate the feet and may cause increased callus formation, increased fatigue to the feet and may lead to decreased activity. Orthotics again could assist with this difficulty. Shoulder surgery is a technique used to repair injuries when other more conservative treatment options-including rest, activity modification and medications-do not prove effective in restoring normal function of the shoulder joint. Without the sternoclavicular (SC) joint, your arms and shoulder bones would not be attached to your skeleton. The SC joint allows shoulder movement by connecting the collarbone (clavicle) to the chest bone (sternum). It is rare to have serious SC joint issues, according to the Internet Society for Orthopaedic Surgery and Trauma, but it is possible to have pain and swelling from several causes. According to a study out of India that surveyed 2300 children there is no correlation between sandals or bare feet and flat feet. On the contrary sandals and bare feet actually prevent flat feet or fallen arch, by making the intrinsic muscles of the foot work, thus strengthening the arch indirectly. Closed toed shoes can be attributed to the weakening of these muscles and predisposes a person to flat feet. These are some of the things that can be done to alleviate the effects of the complex. Anyone who has issues with their feet should immediately visit a specialist in order to ask for treatment or advice about their problem. The shape of our feet changes greatly as we grow. A baby's foot has mostly cartilage framework as the bones haven't completely ossified at birth. The structure and muscles are usually hidden by baby fat thus the lack of contour. As we begin to walk, the foot begins to form an arch and displace the fat to the appropriate areas of the foot. A fairly common problem for some children is the lack of an arch. You may know this as flat feet but your podiatrist refers to it as pes planus. If your hands and legs appear swollen, and the swelling worsens as the day progresses, and you notice an indentation when you press on the swollen area, do consult a doctor. Inform your doctor about any other symptom that you have been experiencing. The doctor may advice treatment according to your condition. You may need to keep your feet elevated when sleeping or sitting. Walking is a great way to increase muscle activity and decrease swelling. Decrease the amount of salt intake and avoid standing for long periods. Your doctor may advice diuretics for a short period.